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Григорьева А. И.
1500 русских и 1500 английских идиом, фразеологизмов и устойчивых словосочетаний
Фразеологизм, или идиома, – это устойчивое выражение, значение которого не определяется отдельными значениями составляющих его слов.
В настоящем словаре представлено около 1500 русских фразеологизмов с их наиболее точными эквивалентами в британском варианте английского языка, а также около 1500 английских фразеологизмов с их русскими эквивалентами или, при отсутствии соответствующих русских идиом, переводом их значения. Русско-английская часть словаря снабжена дополнительно примерами употребления английских фразеологизмов в современном разговорном языке.
Все фразеологизмы приводятся в алфавитном порядке.
Надеемся, что словарь окажется полезным и удобным для всех, кто будет им пользоваться.
(a) hell on earth
The wounded soldiers described the battle as ‘hell on earth’.
альфа и омега the alpha and omega
the patience of JobYou need the patience of Job to deal with customers like that.
Achilles’ heel; a chink in someone’s armour
His Achilles’ heel is that he always wants to be right.The lack of experience may be a chink in his armour.
an old wives’ taleIt is an old wives’ tale that drinking milk prevents cold.
бабье лето an Indian summer
бальзам на душу
music to someone’s earsWhat he said was music to my ears.
бедный как церковная крыса
(as) poor as a church mouseMy uncle was as poor as a church mouse.
без всякого преувеличения
to say the leastHer behaviour towards her boss was very rude, to say the least.
straight from the shoulderJohn told me, straight from the shoulder, that he was not at all pleased with my work.
to twiddle one’s thumbsDon’t sit around twiddling your thumbs. Get down to work!
бить в цель
to hit the markHis remarks hit the mark perfectly and really provided an important message for the graduating students.
бить мимо цели
to miss the markHis speech missed the mark and he failed to gain support from the audience.
бить ниже пояса (кого-л.)
to hit someone below the belt; to be below the belt
In the run-up to the election, he won’t hesitate to hit his opponent below the belt.Her remarks about my money problems were a bit below the belt.
биться головой о стену
to bang one’s head against a brick wallHe was banging his head against a brick wall trying to teach that dog to obey.
биться не на жизнь, а на смерть
to fight tooth and nailThey fought tooth and nail to defend their son against the false accusations.
to thank one’s lucky starsYou can thank your lucky stars that she was there to help you.
a fool’s paradiseYou are living in a fool’s paradise if you think that the business will recover shortly.
бледный как полотно
(as) white as a sheetHe looked as white as a sheet after the accident.
блуждать в потемках
to be in the darkI’m totally in the dark about what’s going on.
Бог его знает
God knows!Will we ever win? – God knows!
baptism of fireHe was given a very important project to carry out in his first month. It was a real baptism of fire.
good God/gracious/grief!; oh dear!; dear me!
Good God! You’ve finished the work already!
Oh dear! I’ve lost my keys.Dear me! I forgot to phone him.
God/heaven forbid!I hope we won’t have any trouble with the car. – God forbid!
бок о бок
side by sideThey walked along the river side by side.
более или менее
more or less
The distance is ten miles, more or less.Have you finished yet? – More or less.
a big cheese/gun/noise/shot/wheelBill’s father is quite a big shot in the government.
бояться собственной тени
to be afraid of one’s own shadowJane never goes anywhere – she seems to be afraid of her own shadow.
брать быка за рога
to take the bull by the hornsI decided to take the bull by the horns and asked my boss for a holiday.
брать верх (над кем-л./чем-л.)
to get the upper hand (over someone/something )Our team managed to get the upper hand in the end.
брать голыми руками (кого-л.)
to beat someone hands downThe last time we played chess he beat me hands down.
брать за душу
to tug at the heartstringsThe story of a lost child was one that really pulled at the heartstrings.
брать свои слова обратно
to eat one’s wordsYou shouldn’t say that to me. I’ll make you eat your words.
брать себя в руки
to get a grip on oneself; to pull oneself together
Come on, get a grip on yourself and tell me what happened.She started to panic but managed to pull herself together.
to take the floorMr Smith took the floor to talk about the government’s new plans to reduce unemployment.
браться за ум
to come to one’s sensesJohn, you should come to your senses and stop gambling.
бросать в лицо (что-л. кому-л.)
to throw something in someone’s faceShe was always throwing her husband’s clumsiness in his face.
бросать деньги на ветер
to throw money down the drainDon’t gamble on the horses. That’s just throwing money down the drain.
бросать камень (в кого-л.)
to throw stones at someoneMany politicians seem to spend too much time throwing stones at each other.
бросать на произвол судьбы (кого-л.)
to leave someone in the lurchSoon after their son was born he went off and left her in the lurch.
to throw down the gauntletHe threw down the gauntlet by challenging my conclusions.
бросаться в глаза (кому-л.)
to catch someone’s eye; to stick out like a sore thumb
His shiny black car caught my eye.The dinner is formal; if you wear old jeans you’ll stick out like a sore thumb among all the well-dressed guests.
to rattle one’s sabreHe may rattle his sabre at his enemies in public, but then will bend over backwards to agree behind closed doors.
the letter of the lawThere was the danger that the judge may follow the letter of the law rather than its spirit.
буря в стакане воды
a storm in a teacupThis isn’t a serious problem – just a storm in a teacup.
была не была
here goes‘Well, here goes!’ shouted the parachutist and jumped out of the plane.
the fat is in the fireThe fat’s in the fire now that she has discovered about her husband’s lover.
быть на высоте
to give a good account of oneselfJohn gave a good account of himself during the match.
to have had one too many; to have had a few (too many)
He looks as if he has had one too many.She’s jad a few; you should take her home and put her to bed.
быть на побегушках (у кого-л.)
to fetch and carry (for someone ); to be at someone’s beck and call
She is so lazy because her husband is always there to fetch and carry for her.I had to be at his beck and call 24 hours a day.
быть нечистым на руку
to have light fingersThe employee on the till had light fingers and got fired.
on the runThe jail-breakers were on the run from the police.
в глубине души
in one’s heart of heartsIn her heart of hearts, she knew that she wasn’t cut out to be a surgeon.
в здравом уме
in one’s right mindNo one in his right mind would go there.
в интересном положении
in the family wayI’ve heard that Martin’s wife is in the family way.
в кулаке (у кого-л.)
under someone’s thumb; in the palm of someone’s hand; in someone’s pocket
My sister is completely under her husband’s thumb.
The mayor had the local press in the palm of his hand and was never criticised by any of them.Most of the officials in that country are in the pocket of a few very rich businessmen.
в курсе дела
in the knowLet’s ask Paul. He’s in the know.
в лицо (кому-л.)
to someone’s faceHe wouldn’t dare say it to my face!
в лучшем случае
at bestThe buses were all late and at best I could only hope to be home before midnight.
в любом случае
in any case/event; at any rate
In any event, I’ll see him on Tuesday.At any rate we must go tomorrow.
в мгновение ока
in the twinkling of an eyeThe new machine can do all the calculations in the twinkling of an eye.
в общем и целом
on the whole; all in all; first and last
On the whole, this was a very good journey.
All in all we haven’t done badly.She is, first and last, a hard worker.
в объятиях Морфея
in the land of NodShe was in the land of Nod and I didn’t want to wake her.
в одно ухо входит, а в другое выходит
to go in one ear and out the otherEverything she says to her son seems to go in one ear and out the other.
в одной лодке
in the same boatWhen I told her that I was broke she said that she was in the same boat.
в первую очередь
in the first placeIn the first place, I don’t have enough money to buy a new house.
в подметки не годиться (кому-л.)
cannot hold a candle to someoneShe can’t hold a candle to her mother when it comes to cooking.
в полном разгаре
in full swingThe party was in full swing.
в порядке вещей
all in a day’s workDealing with complaints from quests is all in a day’s work to anyone working in a hotel.
в поте лица
by the sweat of one’s browI can proudly say that whatever I achieved was by the sweat of my brow.
в своей стихии
in one’s elementShe is in her element when she’s singing.
в своем уме
in one’s right mindYou’re not in your right mind! That sounds crazy!
в стельку пьяный
as drunk as a lordWhen he came home last night, he was as drunk as a lord.
в ус не дуть
not to give a damnShe was unemployed, but she didn’t give a damn.
on formJohn was back on form and nobody could beat him.
в хороших руках
in good handsThis hospital is excellent – your mother will be in good hands.
в худшем случае
if the worst comes to the worstIf the worst comes to the worst, we’ll have to stay in the hotel for another night.
в чем мать родила
in one’s birthday suit; in the buff/altogether/raw
I used to go down to the beach and swim in my birthday suit.He always sleeps in the raw.
в шкуре (кого-л.)
in someone’s skinI wouldn’t want to be in your skin.
a big cheese/gun/noise/shot/wheelShe is one of the directors of our company – a big noise.
валится из рук (у кого-л.)
to be all fingers and thumbsI’m all fingers and thumbs today. Can you thread this needle for me?
валить с ног (кого-л.)
to lay someone low
The blow laid him low.I was laid low by the flu for about two weeks.
валиться с ног
to be ready/fit to drop; to be on one’s last legs
After walking several miles I was ready to drop.I worked all day in the garden and felt like I was on my last legs.
to play the foolMy father told me to stop playing the fool and start working hard for my examinations.